Principles of Commerce Notes for I.Com (Part-I) / 1st Year

Principles of Commerce or Commerce Notes for I.Com Part one (Part-I) / 1st Year / 11th Class / HSSC-I. Intermediate Level (HSSC-I) students of Federal Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (FBISE) or any Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education of Punjab, Sindh, KPK, Balochistan and Azad Kashmir and can get benefit from these notes. By studying our notes, we can guarantee you for getting maximum marks in your exams.

Table of Contents

Commerce Notes 1st Year / 11th Class / XI / HSSC-I for Federal and Any Intermediate Board

Please select a topic from below:

Past / Old Papers of Principle of  Commerce (FBISE)

Annual Papers

  1. 2010
  2. 2011
  3. 2012
  4. 2013
  5. 2014
  6. 2015
  7. 2016
  8. 2017
  9. 2018
  10. 2019
  11. 2020 (Paper is not conduct due to Corona)
  12. 2021
  13. 2022

Supplementary Papers

  1. 2016
  2. 2017
  3. 2018
  4. 2022

Chapter Wise Important Questions for Annual and Supplementary Exam

Important Short and long Questions, Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs)

Guess Paper for Annual and Supplementary Exam For All Intermediate Board

Federal Board of Intermediate Secondary Education 

Intermediate Boards like Punjab, Sind, KPK, Balochistan

Chapter Wise Commerce Notes in English

Chapter # 01 – Concept of Business 

  1. Definition and Characteristics or Features of Business
  2. Objectives or Functions of Business
  3. Qualities of Good Businessman (Personal and Professional)
  4. Elements / Steps / Methods / Procedure for Establishing or Starting a New Business
  5. Important Short Questions 
  6. Important Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs

Chapter # 02 – Nature and Scope of Commerce 

  1. Branches / Scope / Division / Components of Business
  2. Importance / Advantages of Commerce
  3. Difference Among between Commerce, Trade and Industry 
  4. Important Short Questions 
  5. Important Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs

Chapter # 03 – Sole Tradership / Proprietorship / Sole Trader / Individual Entrepreneurship

  1. Brief Introduction / History of Sole Tradership
  2. Sole Tradership Definition with Examples
  3. Characteristics or Features of Sole Tradership
  4. Advantages or Merits of Sole Tradership
  5. Disadvantages or Demerits of  Sole Tradership
  6. Suggestions to Improve Sole Tradership
  7. Important Short Questions 
  8. Important Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs

Chapter # 04 –  Partnership   

  1. Introduction and Definition of Partnership 
  2. Characteristics or Features of Partnership 
  3. Advantages or Merits of Partnership 
  4. Disadvantages or Demerits of Partnership 
  5. Partnership Deed
  6. Kinds of Partnership
  7. Kinds or Types of Partners 
  8. Registration of Firm
  9. Rights, Duties and Liabilities of Partners
  10. Ways or Modes of Dissolution of Partnership or Firm 
  11. Important Short Questions 
  12. Important Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs

Chapter # 05 – Joint Stock Company -I

  1. Introduction and Evolution of Joint Stock Company
  2. Definition and Meaning of Joint Stock Company
  3. Characteristics or Features of Joint Stock Company
  4. Advantages or Merits or Benefits of Joint Stock Company
  5. Disadvantages or Demerits of Joint Stock Company
  6. Comparison Among Sole Proprietorship, Partnership and Joint Stock Company
  7. Important Short Questions 
  8. Important Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs

Chapter # 06 – Joint Stock Company -II

  1. Types or Kinds of Joint Stock Company or Company
  2. Distinguish / Difference between or Comparison of Public Company and Private Company
  3. Important Short Questions 
  4. Important Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs

Chapter # 07 – Joint Stock Company -III

Chapter # 08 – Co-operative Society 

Chapter # 09 – Home Trade 

Chapter # 10 – Wholesale Trade  

Chapter # 11 – Retail Trade  

Chapter # 12 – Foreign Trade  

Chapter # 13 – Import Trade  

Chapter # 14 – Export Trade  

Chapter # 15 – Middleman  

Chapter # 16 – Sale Promotion 

Chapter # 17 – Business Finance  

Chapter # 18 – Insurance   

Chapter # 19 – Means of Transportation 

Chapter # 20 – Warehousing 

Chapter # 21 – Chamber of Commerce & Industry

Chapter # 22 – Office Organization 

Chapter Wise Commerce Notes in Urdu

Chapter # 01 – Karobar ka Mahfoom کاروبار کا مفہوم

Chapter # 02 – Commerce Mahfoom aur Waust کامرس کا مفہوم اور وسعت

Chapter # 03 – Wahid Malkeeti Karobar واحد ملکیتی کاروبار

Chapter # 04 – Sharakat شراکت

Chapter # 05 – Mushtarqa Sarmaya ki Company Part I مشترکہ سرمایہ کی کمپنی –  حصہ اول

Chapter # 06 – Mushtarqa Sarmaya ki Company Part II مشترکہ سرمایہ کی کمپنی –  حصہ دوئم

Chapter # 07 – Mushtarqa Sarmaya ki Company Part III  مشترکہ سرمایہ کی کمپنی –  حصہ سوئم

Chapter # 08 – Anjuman-e-Imdaad-e-Bahami انجمن امداد باہمی

Chapter # 09 – Mulki Tijarat ملکی تجارت

Chapter # 10 – Mulki Tijarat – Thook Farosh ملکی تجارت – تھوک فروش

Chapter # 11 – Mulki Tijarat – Parchon Farosh  ملکی تجارت – پرچون فروش

Chapter # 12 – Ghair Mulki Tijarat  غیر ملکی تجارت

Chapter # 13 – Gahir Mulki Tijarat – Draamdi Tijarat غیر ملکی تجارت – درآمدی تجارت

Chapter # 14 – Gahir Mulki Tijarat – Braamdi Tijarat غیر ملکی تجارت – برآمدی تجارت

Chapter # 15 – Tijarati Motawasteen  تجارتی متوسطین

Chapter # 16 –  Ishtihar Baazi ya Tashheer اشتہار بازی یا تشہیر

Chapter # 17 – Karobari Sarmaya Kaari کاروباری سرمایہ کاری

Chapter # 18 – Bema Kaari بیمہ کاری

Chapter # 19 – Zaraie e Naqal o Hamal ذرائع نقل و حمل

Chapter # 20 – Zakheera Kaari  ذخیرہ کاری

Chapter # 21 – Aiwan e Sanat o Tijarat  ایون صنعت و تجارت

Chapter # 22 – Daftar دفتر

Chapter # 23 – Daftari Mashiney دفتری مشینیں

Chapter # 24 – Masal Bandi (Filing System) مسل بندی

Chapter # 25 – Daftari Khat o Kitabat – I دفتری خط و کتابت – حصہ اول

Chapter # 26 – Daftari Khat o Kitabat – II دفتری خط و کتابت – حصہ دوم

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