Commercial Geography / Geography Notes for I.Com (Part-II) / 2nd Year

Commercial Geography / Geography Notes for I.Com (Part-II) / I.Com Part 2 / 2nd Year / 12th Class / XII / HSSC-II. Intermediate Level (HSSC-II) students of Federal Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (FBISE) or any Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education of Punjab, Sindh, KPK, Balochistan and Azad Kashmir and can get benefit from these notes. By studying our notes, we can guarantee you for getting maximum marks in your exams.

Table of Contents

Commercial Geography Notes 12th Class / XII for Federal, Any Intermediate Board

Please select a topic from below: 

Past Annual and Supplementary Questions Paper of Commercial Geography

Past / Old Papers of  Commercial Geography (FBISE)

Annual Papers

  1. 2012
  2. 2013
  3. 2014
  4. 2015
  5. 2016
  6. 2017
  7. 2018
  8. 2019
  9. 2020 (Due to Corona Paper is not Conduct)
  10. 2021
  11. 2022
  12. 2023

Supplementary Papers

  1. 2016
  2. 2017
  3. 2018
  4. 2022

Past / Old  Questions Papers Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) Commercial Geography (1428)

Important Short and Long Questions of World and Pakistan Portion / Parts

World Portion

Pakistan Portion 

Important Multiple Choice Questions of Complete Book

Guess Paper for Annual and Supplementary Exams

Federal Board of Intermediate Secondary Education 

Intermediate Boards like Punjab, Sind, KPK, Balochistan

Commercial Geography World Portion / Part Notes in Urdu

Chapter # 02 – Fishing  ماھی گیری

  1. مچھلیوں اور ماہی گیری کی اقسام
  2. غذاہی مچھلیوں کی اقسام
  3. ماہی گیری کی صنعت کے فروغ کیلے درکار موزوں  عوامل یا ماہی گیری کیلے درکار موزوں طبعی اور معاشی عوامل
  4. دنیا کی اہم ماہی گاہیں یا د نیا میں ماہی گیری کے اہم مراکز
  5. کثیر الانتخابی سوالات مع جوابات یا معروضی سوال جواب
  6. اہم مختصر سوالات مع جوابات یا مختصر سوال جواب

Chapter # 03 – Natural Vegetation  قدرتی نباتات

  1. سدابہارجنگلات اور اس کی اقسام
  2. برگ ریز جنگلات اور اس کی اقسام
  3. جنگلات کی اقتصادی(معاشی) اہمیت
  4. گھاس کے میدان اور ان کی اقسام
  5. قدرتی نباتات پر اثرانداز ہونے والے عوامل
  6. کثیر الانتخابی سوالات مع جوابات یا معروضی سوال جواب
  7. اہم مختصر سوالات مع جوابات یا مختصر سوال جواب

Chapter # 04 – Animal Husbandry    موشی پالنا / گلہ بانی

  1. گلہ بانی کی تعریف اور اس کی اقسام
  2. دنیا کی اہم چراگاہیں
  3. مویشی بالنے کی اہمیت اور فوائد
  4. گلہ بانی کی صنعت کو متاثر کرنے والے عوامل یا گلہ بانی کی صنعت کے فروغ کے لیے عوامل
  5. کثیر الانتخابی سوالات مع جوابات یا معروضی سوال جواب
  6. اہم مختصر سوالات مع جوابات یا مختصر سوال جواب

Chapter # 05 – Population  آبادی

  1.  دنیا کی آبادی کی گنجانی کو متاثر یا اثر انداز کرنے والے عوامل
  2.  دنیا کی آبادی کی گنجانی کے لحاظ سے آبادی کی تقسیم
  3. کثیر الانتخابی سوالات مع جوابات یا معروضی سوال جواب
  4. اہم مختصر سوالات مع جوابات یا مختصر سوال جواب

Chapter # 06 – Industry   صنعت

  1. صنعتی ترقی کے لیے درکار موزوں طبعی و غیر طبعی عوامل
  2. لوہےاور فولاد اور سوتی کپڑے کے کثیر الانتخابی سوالات مع جوابات یا معروضی سوال جواب

Commercial Geography Pakistan Portion / Part Notes in Urdu

Chapter # 01 – Introduction of Pakistan تاریخ پاکستان

  1.  Tareekhi Pas Manzar aur Taaruf Mahal e Wuqoo تاریخی پس منظر اور تعارف محل وقوع
  2.  Pakistan ka Mahal e Wuqoo ke Ahmiyat پاکستان کے محل وقوع کی اہمیت
  3. Pakistan ka Intizami Dhancha پاکستان کا انتظامی ڈھانچہ

Chapter # 02 – Pakistan ka Tabai Khado Khaal پاکستان کےطبعی خدوخال

  1. Pakistan ka Tabai Khado Khaal ka Taaru پاکستان کےطبعی خدوخال کا تعارف
  2. Pakistan kay Pahari Elaqay / Ilakay / Ilaqy پاکستان کےپہاڑی علاقے
  3. Pakistan kay Medani Elaqay / Ilakay / Ilaqy پاکستان کےمیدانی علاقے
  4. Pakistan kay Satah Murtafa پاکستان کےسطح مرتفع

Chapter # 03 – Pakistan ki Aab o Hawa پاکستان کی آب وہوا

  1. Pakistan ki Aab o Hawa kay Anasar پاکستان کی آب و ہوا کے عناصر
  2. Aab o Hawa kay Lihaz sa Pakistan kay Khittay / Khity ke Taqseem آب و ہوا کے لحاظ سے پاکستان کے خطے کی تقسیم
  3. Pakistan ki Maeeshat aur Muashrat par Aab o Hawa kay Asraat پاکستان کی معیشت اور معاشرت پر آب و ہوا کے اثرات

Chapter # 04 – Pakistan ki Matti / Mitti پاکستان کی مٹی

  1. Matti / Mitti ke Tareef aur Ahem Giroh مٹی کی تعریف اور اہم گروہ
  2. Pakistan ke Matti / Mitti ke Iqsam aur Taqseem  پاکستان کی مٹی کی اقسام اور تقسیم

Chapter # 05 – Pakistan ki Qudrati Nabataat (Janglat)  پاکستان کی قدرتی نباتات(جنگلات)

  1. Pakistan ke Qudrati Nabataat (Janglat ) ke Iqsam aur Taqseem  پاکستان کی قدرتی نباتات (جنگلات)  کی اقسام اور تقسیم
  2. Pakistan mein Afzaish Janglaat ke liye Hakoomati Iqdamaat پاکستان میں افزائش جنگلات کے لیے حکومتی
  3. اقدامات

Chapter # 06 – Pakistan ka Nizam Aab Pashi   پاکستان کا نظام آبپاشی

  1. Pakistan ke Rabita Nahrein / Nehrein پاکستان کی رابطہ نہریں
  2. Pakistan ka liya Aab Pashi ki Ahmiyat پاکستان کے لیے آبپاشی کی اہمیت
  3. Pakistan ka Zaraye / Zarai Aab Pashi  پاکستان کے ذرائع آبپاشی
  4. Pakistan Mein Nehri Aab Pashi ke Khususiyaat aur Ifadiyat پاکستان میں نہری آبپاشی کی خصوصیات اور افادیت
  5. Short Note on Tarbela Dam aur Mangla Dam  مختصر ںوٹ تربیلا ڈیم اور منگلا ڈیم
  6. Moahida / Muahida Sindh Taas aur is ki Sharait  معاہدہ سندھ طاس اور اس کی شرائط

Chapter # 07 – Pakistan Mein Ghizai Khud Kifalat / Kafalat پاکستان میں غذائی خود کفالت

  1. Pakistan mein zarayi pasmandagi ke awamil پاکستان میں زرعی پسماندگی کے عوامل
  2. Pakistan ki Ghizai Faslein

Chapter # 08 – Bijli (Electricity)  بجلی

  1. Pakistan mein Pan Bijli aur Pan Bijli kay Mansobay  پاکستان میں پن بجلی اور پن بجلی کے منصوبے
  2. Pakistan mein Thermal Bijli aur Thermal Bijli kay Mansobay  پاکستان میں تھرمل بجلی اور تھرمل بجلی کے منصوبے

Chapter # 09 – Abadi (Population)  آبادی

  1. Pakistan mein gunjaaniyat ke lehaaz se abadi ki taqseem پاکستان میں گنجانیت کے لحاظ سے آبادی کی تقسیم
  2. Pakistan ki abadi ki ghair masawi taqseem ke asbaab پاکستان کی آبادی کی غیر مساوی تقسیم کے اسباب

Chapter # 10 – Pakistan ke Zaraye Naqal o Hamal  پاکستان کےذرائع نقل و حمل

  1. Pakistan ka zaraye amad o raft aur naqal o hamal ki ahmiyat aur fawaid پاکستان کے ذرائع آمدورفت اور نقل و حمل کی اہمیت اور فوائد
  2. Pakistan ka zaraye amad o raft aur naqal o hamal پاکستان کے ذرائع آمدورفت اور نقل و حمل

Commercial Geography World Portion / Part  Notes in English

Chapter # 01 – Introduction

  1. Important Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs) of Introduction

Chapter # 02 – Fishing 

  1. Type of Fishing and Types of Edible Fish
  2. Physical and Non-Physical Factors for the Growth of Fishing Industry
  3. Important Fishing Zones or Grounds of the World
  4. Important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s) of Fishing 
  5. Important Short Questions with Answers of Fishing 

Chapter # 03 – Forest and Forest Resources (Natural Vegetation )

  1. Commercial Importance / Advantages  of the Forests
  2. Kinds / Types / Group / Classification of Forests
  3. Suitable Factors for the Growth / Development of Natural Vegetation
  4. Important / Main / Types / Classification Grasslands of the World
  5. Important Objective /  Short Questions Answers of Natural Vegetation
  6. Important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s) of Natural Vegetation 

Chapter # 04 – Animal Husbandry / Rearing of Animal / Herding / Animal Keeping

  1. Definition and Types of Animal Husbandry / Rearing of Animal / Herding / Animal Keeping
  2. Important Factors / Necessary Condition for Development of Animal Husbandry
  3. Important Grazing Grounds of The World
  4. Animal Cattle Rearing / Herding – Sheep Rearing / Herding
  5. Animal Cattle Rearing / Herding – Beef Cattle Rearing / Herding
  6. Important Objective / Short Questions with Answers of Animal Husbandry / Rearing / Herding
  7. Important Multiple Choice Questions with Answers (MCQs) Animal Husbandry / Rearing / Herding

Chapter # 05 – Population 

  1. Factors Affecting the Density of Population or Factors Affecting Population Distribution and Density
  2. Distribution of World’s Population and Density in The World or Population Distribution according to the Density of Population
  3. Important Objective / Short Questions with Answers of Population
  4. Important Multiple Choice Questions with Answers (MCQs) of Population

Chapter # 06 – Manufacturing Industries 

  1. Suitable Physical and Non Physical Factors for the Growth of Industrial Development or The Favourable Factors for Industrial Location or Factors for Localization of Industries

Iron and Steel Industry

  1. World Wide Production of Iron and Steel Industry or Important Iron and Steel Producing Countries of The World
  2. Suitable Physical and Non Physical Factors for the Growth of Iron and Steel Industry or The Favourable Factors for Development of Iron and Steel Industry or Factors for Localization of Iron and Steel Industry

Cotton Textile Industry

  1. World Wide Production of Cotton Textile Industry or Important Cotton Textile Producing / Manufacturing Countries of The World
  2. Suitable Physical and Non Physical Factors for the Growth of Cotton Textile Industry or The Favourable Factors for Development of Cotton Textile Industry or Factors for Localization of Cotton Textile Industry

Multiple Choice Questions and  Short  Question Iron & Steel and Textile Industry

    1. Important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s) with Answers Iron & Steel and Textile Industry 
    2. Important Objective / Short Questions with Answers Iron & Steel and Textile Industry

Wool and Woolen Textile Industry

  1. Suitable Physical and Non Physical Factors for the Growth of Woolen Textile Industry or The Favourable Factors for Development of Woolen Textile Industry or Factors for Localization of Woolen Textile Industry
  2. World Wide Production of Woolen Textile Industry or Important Woolen Textile Producing / Manufacturing Countries of The World
  3. Types Sheep, Suitable Factors for the Growth of Sheep and World Wide Production of Wool or Important Wool Producing Countries

Chemical Fertilizers

  1. Types and World Wide Production of Chemical Fertilizers or Important Chemical Fertilizers Producing / Manufacturing Countries of The World

Silk Textile Industry

  1. World Wide Production of Silk Textile Industry or Important Silk Textile Producing / Manufacturing Countries of The World

Multiple Choice Questions and  Short  Questions of  Wool, Woolen and Silk Textile Industry and Chemical Fertilizers

Chapter # 07 – Agriculture

  1. Suitable Physical and Non Physical Factors for the Growth of Agriculture or The Favourable Factors for Development of Agriculture or Factors Governing Agriculture
  2. Types / Kinds / Classification of Agriculture 

Wheat Crop

  1. Types of Wheat and Suitable / Favourable Factors Required for the Growth of Wheat Crop or Suitable Factors for the cultivation of Wheat Crop
  2. World Wide Production of Wheat Crop or Important Wheat Producing Countries of The World

Rice Crop

  1. Suitable / Favourable Factors Required for the Growth of Rice Crop or Suitable Factors for the cultivation of Rice Crop
  2. World Wide Production of Rice Crop or Important Rice Producing Countries of The World

Sugar-Cane Crop

  1. Suitable / Favourable Factors Required for the Growth of Sugar-Cane Crop or Suitable Factors for the cultivation of Sugar-Cane Crop
  2. World Wide Production of Sugar-Cane  Crop or Important Sugar-Cane Producing Countries of The World

Multiple Choice Questions and  Short  Question of Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane Crop

Cotton Crop

  1. Suitable / Favourable Factors Required for the Growth of Cotton Crop or Suitable Factors for the cultivation of Cotton Crop
  2. World Wide Production of Cotton Crop or Important Cotton Producing Countries of The World

Tea

  1. Suitable / Favourable Factors Required for the Growth of Tea Crop or Suitable Factors for the cultivation of Tea Crop
  2. World Wide Production of Tea Crop or Important Tea Producing Countries of The World

Natural Rubber

  1. Suitable / Favourable Factors Required for the Growth of Natural Rubber Crop or Suitable Factors for the cultivation of Natural Rubber Crop
  2. World Wide Production of Natural Rubber Crop or Important Natural Rubber Producing Countries of The World

Edible Oil Seed Crop

  1. Important Types / Kinds of Edible Oil Seed Crops in The World

Multiple Choice Questions and  Short  Question of Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane Crop

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